Where necessary, "i" and "u" have been altered to represent vowel sounds exclusively; "j" and "v" have been altered to represent consonants exclusively. The makeshift "vv" has been changed to the modern "w," and the old forms of "s" have been changed to the modern "s. Contractions have been expanded throughout: "Master" for "Mr.
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The numerous italicized words in the first editions mostly proper names have here been set in roman, except in the case of poetry, where we have followed the original mixture of italics and roman exactly. Otherwise, we have confined the use of italics to ships' names, Indian words other than proper nouns that do not appear in standard English dictionaries, and a few obscure foreign words and phrases. In one or two cases, such as the lists of immigrants and their occupations, italics have been retained or added for the sake of typographical clarity.
Almost all changes in punctuation are recorded in the Textual Annotation, except for a few additions or deletions of commas or full stops in the marginalia, which was often erratically typeset, and the silent addition of end-of-line hyphens that in certain obvious cases had been inadvertently dropped by the seventeenth-century compositor e. Speeches and other direct quotations, which normally were not set off by inverted commas in the seventeenth century, have been recognized in this edition by the introduction of a line space above and below the extract material.
The original running heads have been discarded along with the paging of the seventeenth-century editions. Page breaks are indicated by a double vertical rule , and the original folio is set in boldface in brackets in the margin. All page references to Smith material in these volumes are to these boldface folios, not to the modern pagination.
The catchwords have also been dropped. All other adjustments of the text, whether of punctuation, spelling, or word order, are listed in the Textual Annotation. It is perhaps necessary to comment a little on the editorial philosophy underlying these ad hoc alterations. First of all, obvious misprints have been corrected. Although in Smith's time the degree of standardization now prevailing in matters of orthography and punctuation did not exist, enough agreement existed to enable us to identify actual printer's errors as such.
Correction of typographical mishaps such as inverted letters, triple consonants, and repeated words need no defense, but, in addition, we have made alterations in the copy text when it appeared logical to assume that if either Smith or his printers had noticed the "error," it would have been corrected. On the other hand, hundreds of "misspellings" in the modern sense have not been touched because they were common or even uncommon variants at the time.
However, even though the editor has been extremely chary of making any changes at all in spelling, in a number of cases sound editorial considerations have justified some alterations.
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Since every one of these is listed in the Textual Annotation appended to each work of Smith's, the reader is free to check and, if so desired, reverse the editor's decision. With regard to changes in punctuation, the same rules have been applied. When the text could easily be misunderstood by, or even be unintelligible to, the modern reader, we have altered the punctuation, based on our best judgment of how it would have been done if the compositor had minded his type.
Here, too, the Textual Annotation will serve as a check and a resource for the specialist. Generally, no matter how peculiar the punctuation, if the text is comprehensible we have let it stand. The punctuation has been altered, then, only in cases of unusual ambiguity or obscurity. It has never been changed solely in the interest of modernizing or standardizing. The Textual Annotation following each work of Smith's includes also two lists pertaining to the problems posed by words hyphenated at the end of the line. The first list records those words that in the copy text were hyphenated at the end of the line, thus raising for the editor the question of whether the hyphen should be retained when the same word fell in the middle of a line in the present edition.
In deciding whether a word is normally hyphenated or whether it has been hyphenated only as part of an end-of-line word division, the editor has been guided by what he took to be Smith's typical usage. Since a decision on hyphenation is a form of emendation not unlike the correction of a supposed typographical error, the reader can use this first hyphenation list as a means of reconstructing the text as it was before editing.
The second hyphenation list records those words hyphenated at the end of the line in the present edition for which the hyphen should be retained when transcribing from this edition. In other words, it corrects for the ambiguity that is often present when a word is divided at the end of the line. One does not know if it is word division brought about by the number of spaces left in the line or if the word is one that is to be hyphenated no matter where it falls in the line. The second list, then, does not reflect editorial discretion; it simply records that the word in question was hyphenated in the copy text and was found that way in the middle of a line.
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Before concluding, a word must be said about the copy texts for this edition. The compositor was supplied with xerographic or printed facsimiles of Smith's works on which certain editorial changes had been made, as indicated above. The facsimiles were chosen for readability and availability, and in some cases two or three different copies of Smith's books were used. In consequence, in most instances no single library copy of a Smith work can be cited as the copy text.
However, in all cases we have worked with the first editions of Smith's publications; there are no historical reasons for using any later editions under the assumption that Smith himself corrected or altered material for subsequent editions. The one partial exception to this rule is as follows: Since the Generall Historie is in some respects a compilation or reprint of some of Smith's earlier books, we have occasionally used that publication as a standard.
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All textual changes based on the Generall Historie are so indicated in the Textual Annotation, and many footnotes make comparisons between different versions of the same material in various of Smith's works. We have not found it necessary, on the other hand, to collate systematically the extant copies of Smith's works.
There are variations from copy to copy, but these are invariably extremely minor, and after a century or so of Smith studies, no one has yet turned up a single important variation of this kind from copy to copy. Many years of research into John Smith's life and writings has brought to the editor's attention a number of these minor variations; these are noted in the Textual Annotation by the addition of the phrase "in some copies," without any further specificity.
Marginalia, notes printed in margins of Smith's works. Signature, a letter or mark at the bottom of each gathering folded sheet in a book.
In the absence of printed page numbers, reference is made instead to the signature, the order of the leaf in the gathering, and the side of the leaf. Works, , 2 vols. Barbour, "Earliest Philip L. Barbour, "The Earliest Reconnaissance," Pt. I or Pt. Barbour, Jamestown Voyages Philip L. Barbour, ed.
Hakluyt Society, 2d Ser. Barbour, Pocahontas Philip L.
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Barbour, Pocahontas and Her World Boston, Barbour, Three Worlds Philip L. Samuel Eliot Morison New York, Deane, Smith's Relation Charles Deane, ed. London, Kingsbury, Va. Records Susan Myra Kingsbury, ed. Washington, D. Oxford, Or Relations Of The World Sabin, Dictionary Joseph Sabin et al. New York, XX, containing the bibliography of Capt. John Smith, was prepared by Wilberforce Eames over a period of 25 years or more and was published in , with an independent reprint.
Siebert, "Virginia Algonquian" Frank T. Siebert, Jr. Crawford, ed. STC A. Pollard and G. Redgrave, comps.
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- Mein Weg zum Buch: Anthologie der Teilnehmer der Werkstätte Buchverlag 2012 (German Edition).
London, ; repr. Louis B. Necessary for all Young Sea-men Description of N. Map of Va. A Map of Virginia. London, , Oxford, [Pt.